Friday, May 22, 2020
Zora Neal Hurston integrates folklore with fiction in her works. Zora Neale Hurston was an author during the time of the Harlem Renaissance who won Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards. She wrote a number of books but Ã¢â¬Å"Their Eyes Were watching GodÃ¢â¬ was by far her most successful book that she has written. Ã¢â¬Å"Their Eyes Were watching GodÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ was published in 1937 had fifty-two editions and had a rating of 109,737. This was not only the most successful book that she had written but it was also one of the most popular books of her time. That may have been her most successful book she wrote but it is the same as all of her other fiction books with uses folklore in them witch is because of her background. It all started with Ã¢â¬Å"Jonahs Gourd VineÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Notasulga is a town in Alabama with a population of 916. If youÃ¢â¬â¢ve ever been in a small the south more important a town in Alabama you know they are very traditional. Her family move d to Eatonville, Florida, one of the first all-black towns in the United States witch was very traditional. She he was the fifth out of eight kids and her parents were John Hurston and Lucy Ann Hurston. Her father John Huston was a Baptist preacher and her mother Lucy Ann Huston was a school teacher. In my opinion this was the main reason she was very educated, religious and folklore. In addition she was very interested in other people, other countiesÃ¢â¬â¢, and other communitiesÃ¢â¬â¢ folklore witch she also displayed in her work. In her book Ã¢â¬Å"Tell My HorseÃ¢â¬ she writes about accounts of the weird mysteries and horrors of voodoo in Haiti and Jamaica. This is a picture of ceremonies and customs and superstitions because it is based on Hurstons personal experiences in Haiti and Jamaica. Times Book Review said, Strikingly dramatic, yet simple and unrestrained an unusual and intensely interesting book richly packed with strange information. Next Zora Neale Hurston wrote Ã¢â¬Å"Dust Tracks on a RoadÃ¢â¬ published in1942 this book is actually an autobiography that explains her child hood. Therefore she talks about how she was how she is the daughter of the Mayor
Friday, May 8, 2020
Practice Questions and Answers from Lesson III-3: Monopoly Practice Questions and Answers from Lesson III-3: Monopoly The following questions practice these skills: Ã¯Æ' ¼ Explain the sources of market power. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Apply the quantity and price affects on revenue of any movement along a demand curve. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Find the profit maximizing quantity and price of a single-price monopolist. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Compute deadweight loss from a single-price monopolist. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Compute marginal revenue. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Define the efficiency of P = MC. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Find the profit-maximizing quantity and price of a perfect-price-discriminating monopolist. Ã¯Æ' ¼ Find the profit-maximizing quantity and price of an imperfect-price-discriminating monopolist. Question: Each of the following firms possesses market power.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦They are thinking about making the movie available for download on the Internet, and they can act as a single-price monopolist if they choose to. Each time the movie is downloaded, the ir Internet service provider charges them a fee of $4. The Baxter brothers are arguing about which price to charge customers per download. The accompanying table shows the demand schedule for their film. Price of download Quantity of downloads demanded $10 0 $8 1 $6 3 $4 6 $2 10 $0 15 a. Calculate the total revenue and the marginal revenue per download. b. Bob is proud of the film and wants as many people as possible to download it. Which price would he choose? How many downloads would be sold? c. Bill wants as much total revenue as possible. Which price would he choose? How many downloads would be sold? d. Ben wants to maximize profit. Which price would he choose? How many downloads would be sold? e. Brad wants to charge the efficient price. Which price would he choose? How many downloads would be sold? Answer to Question: a. The accompanying table calculates total revenue (TR) and marginal revenue (MR). Recall that marginal revenue is the additional revenue per unit of output Pric e of download Quantity of downloads TR MR demanded $10 0 $0 $8 1 $8 $8 $6 3 $18 $5 $4 6 $24 $2 $2 10 $20 $-1 $0 15 $0 $-4 b. Bob would charge $0. At that price, there would be 15 downloads, the largest quantity they can sell. c. Bill would charge $4.Show MoreRelatedManagerial Economics Chapter 9 Essay1641 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesbecause The marginal revenue curve for a perfectly competitive firm is the same as its demand curve. Perfectly competitive firms should produce the quantity where The difference between total revenue and total cost is as large as possible. Profit for a perfectly competitive firm can be expressed as (P-ATC) x Q , where P is price, Q is output, and ATC is average total cost. A student argues: Ã¢â¬Å"To maximize profit, a firm should produce the quantity where the difference between marginal revenueRead MoreEconomics1291 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesProblem Set 9 (75 points) 1. A student argues, If a monopolist finds a way of producing a good at lower cost, he will not lower his price. Because he is a monopolist, he will keep the price and the quantity the same and just increase his profit. Do you agree? Use a graph to illustrate your answer. The argument is incorrect. As the graph shows, a reduction in marginal cost will cause a monopolist to reduce his price. 2. Economist Harvey Leibenstein argued that the loss of economic efficiencyRead MoreStarbucks Vs. Google Market Structure Essay1639 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagescompetition, oligopoly, and monopoly. Every product ever produced comes from one of these four market structures. The one thing that all of these market structures have in common is the profit-maximizing rule. No matter what you product you make, every firm has a desire to produce where marginal revenue from selling the good is equal to the marginal cost of producing the good. Every firm should keep producing as long as the marginal revenue is greater than marginal cost. Once they reach a point whereRead MoreThumb Rule of Pricing722 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages10.1 MONOPOLY A Rule of Thumb for Pricing Chapter 10: Market Power: Monopoly and Monopsony We want to translate the condition that marginal revenue should equal marginal cost into a rule of thumb that can be more easily applied in practice. To do this, we first write the expression for marginal revenue: Copyright Ã © 2009 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Prentice Hall Ã¢â¬ ¢ Microeconomics Ã¢â¬ ¢ Pindyck/Rubinfeld, 7e. 9 of 50 10.1 MONOPOLY A Rule of Thumb for Pricing ChapterRead MoreEssay about Monopoly of Petroleum: OPEC1037 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMonopoly of Petroleum: OPEC Images Not Included A monopoly is evident where a firm is the sole seller of its product and if its product does not have close substitutes, as discussed in (Gans J., King S. Mankiw A. 2003). This essay will discuss the monopoly of petroleum by The Organization Of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), particularly how it controls the price of petrol, threats to its monopoly and the social costs involved. OPEC was established in the 1960s and ever since, SaudiRead MoreMaximizing Profits in Market Structures Paper1129 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesof firms that are competing in that market, along with factors such as: the ways in which these firms are alike or different, and the obstacles that exist in any new firms entering that market. In this report I will discuss Competitive Markets, Monopolies, and Oligopolies. I will point out what role each of the market structure play in the economy. This report will list the characteristics of each market structure. I will share how the price is determined in each market structure in terms of maximizingRead MoreMonopoly and Perfect Competition1045 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages ADP11/12/EX/MBA/0916 What is the difference between monopoly and perfect competition? Firm under perfect competition and the firm under monopoly are similar as the aim of both the seller is to maximize profit and to minimize loss. The equilibrium position followed by both the monopoly and perfect competition is MR = MC. Despite their similarities, these two forms of market organization differ from each other in respect of price-cost-output. There are many points of difference which are notedRead MoreMultiple Choice1387 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChapter 15 Monopoly 1. Monopolies use their market leverage to a. charge prices that equal minimum average total cost. b. attain normal profits in the long run. c. restrict output and increase price. d. dump excess supplies of their product on the market. ANSWER: c restrict output and increase price. SECTION: 1 OBJECTIVE: 1 2. If government officials break a natural monopoly up into several smaller firms, then a. competition will force firms to attainRead MoreExam Guide Econs1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestotal cost function C = 640 + 20Q. What is the profit-maximizing level of output? What are profits? Graph the marginal revenue, marginal cost, and demand curves, and show the area that represents deadweight loss on the graph. 3. In question 2, what would price and output be if the firm priced at socially efficient (competitive) levels? What is the magnitude of the deadweight loss caused by monopoly pricing? 4. Show that if a firm is a natural monopoly, a government policy that forces marginal costRead MoreThe Price of Diamonds Is Too High The price of diamonds has been controlled, up until recently, by1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesdiamond industry. It both created and lost the most powerful monopoly in history. Through a discussion of how the cartels operate and the laws of demand and supply, one will be able to determine whether the price of diamonds is too high. History of De Beers Cecil Rhodes created De Beers, which became the owner of most of the diamond mines in South Africa. De Beers Consolidated Mines Ltd., was formed in 1888. This created a monopoly on all production and distribution of diamonds in South Africa
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Degrading a famous work of art. Ã¢â¬Å"As the painting fame spread. It was inevitable that the icon would attract the iconoclast and be debunked. We will write a custom essay sample on Degrading a Famous Work of Art or any similar topic only for you Order Now The main pioneer was Marcel DuchampÃ¢â¬ (Sassoon, p. 265). Marcel Duchamp (1887-1968) was known as an artist with a sense of humor, who also claimed that art could made out of anything at all, and getting famous in about 1917. He promoted Dadaist ideas that we can see it clearly through his art style, a little bit violent to the traditional art. He created the new thought on the original one by changing a little bit some figures on the work under the new title and show different point of view. Marcel Duchamp referred L. H. O. O. Q as a readymade or assisted readymade which he did not make it. He transformed Mona Lisa work in about 1919, and titled with L. H. O. O. Q meaning Ã¢â¬Å"She has a hot assÃ¢â¬ in French. Marcel Duchamp took a cheap postcard of Mona Lisa, and sketched a beard and moustache on her face with implying meaning that she is man; the one in the picture is portrait of real man. In addition, he really cared about Leonardo Da VinciÃ¢â¬â¢s life time. Besides, Duchamp had psychoanalyzed Leonardo sexual life to art, and argued Leonardo Da Vinci was homosexual. As a criticized artist, Marcel Duchamp somehow discovered he hidden self-portrait points on the picture along with his researches about Leonardo Da VinciÃ¢â¬â¢s art life works and then disclosed the secrets behind the painting. The other word, Marcel Duchamp considered that Mona Lisa is a portrait of Leonardo Da Vinci. This is the answer why Duchamp gets more famous in his life of art. The idea has shocked a lot of people that they never thought about, and with this later on, Leonardo sexuality had been researched continuingly. Until now, with the modern technology, Lilian F. Schwartz compared Leonardo portrait on Mona Lisa theme in 8 steps variations first from Leonardo turn to become Mona Lisa, we can explore the this idea more closely. However, whatever the rumors are, in the fact, the paintings fame now has been spreading all over the world. Mona Lisa has been talked about, written about, copied, and even parodied. Positively or negatively, we all agree that all the criticized comments, ideas show that everyone is really cared about this masterpiece, and the mystery behind it. Leonardo Da Vinci is a greatest artist ever who has big influence to the world art and inspire later generation artist. Degrading a Famous Work of Art By angelianl 234 How to cite Degrading a Famous Work of Art, Papers
Tuesday, April 28, 2020
There were so many different rings of different variations that he quickly became overwhelmed. The professor realized that there would need to be research and more effort put into the process of buying his girlfriend an engagement ring. In order for the professor to get the best ring for the best price he needed to know more about the different types of rings. There were terms that the professor has never considered before like Ã¢â¬Å"the four CÃ¢â¬â¢s: Color, cut, carat and clarity. Ã¢â¬ Other things he realized he needed to consider was who the ring was certified by along with the type of polish and symmetry. Taking all the characteristics and factors into consideration the professor went off and did his research. The professor felt more knowledgeable about shopping for not just the engagement ring but the perfect diamond. After learning about the different factors when it came to buying an engagement ring the professor took in all the information and got a quote for a ring that he felt he connected with. We will write a custom essay sample on The Professor Proposes or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page His next concern that arose was what he should be paying for that ring in order for him to not overpay. He concluded his research by doing additional research on the diamond wholesalers. Problem As a typical man the professor assumes that the first step in his engagement was going to be the easiest. Little did he know how much went into purchasing the best engagement stone for his girlfriend. He quickly reazized how much research he needed to do after going into the first jewelry store. The issue was him understanding the different charasterics such as: * Carat weight * Cut * Color * Clarity * Polish * Symmetry * Certification Next, the other issue was whether a quote the professor was given was a good deal or not. Research When making a big purpose like buying expensive diamonds it is very wise to make sure to see a certification from labs like Gemological Institute of America (GIA), American Gemological Society (AGS), European Gemological Laboratories (EGL) and International Gemological Institute (IGI). There are other small labs that can be found most often ran and located in jewelry stores. When purchasing a diamond it is more reliable to see a certification from a larger laboratory to ensure that you are not getting ripped off. It is important to get the most for your money. Even more importantly you want to be certain that you are purchasing what you think you are, since there are so many easy ways that jewelers can fool you. In order to make a wise decision on purchasing a ring you should find an honest jeweler. When you have a jeweler that you can trust they will be willing to help you find what you are looking for and be honest about it. It is also smart to print sample certificates for when you are shopping for diamonds to use a reference to see if the certificate a jeweler gives you is real. The main lab reports that you should look at and consider when buying a diamond is from GIA, AGS, EGL, and IGI. They are the most reputable, dependable and knowledgeable labs that you should go by. It is important to be aware that there are independent jewelers looking to rip you off when buying a diamond. Diamonds are not cheap and you donÃ¢â¬â¢t want to purchase one that you are not certain is what the jeweler says it is. If a diamond does not come with a lab certificate it is not worth spending the money on for the risk that it is not what you are being promised it is. Small diamond laboratories exist for the purpose of making the storeÃ¢â¬â¢s inventory look more valuable that what it really is. The small labs are most often owned by the local jewelry store. They are not very knowledgeable and accurate like the GIA lab. It is not very smart to go by these small labs they are ran to make the jewelry store pieces look more profitable than they really are. The Professor Proposes: Dummy Variable for all Alphabetic data In order to be able to use the software StatTools to help calculate the data for the professorÃ¢â¬â¢s rings it was important to change any alphabetical data to numerical data. The categories that I created dummy variables for were color, cut and clarity. I kept my numbers simple so that I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t end up confused later on. The carat and price columns already came in numbers so I left those categories alone. It took a while to change each individual cell from alphabetical to numerical. It was worth the effort since that way the software could calculate the information for me and display it in a manner that was easy to analyze. Figure 1: Dummy Variables Dividing the Database and Suggesting Better Stone Options Next I divided the database into 3 different categories. The first category consisted of the original data. The second and third categories were the less and more expensive ring options. I used $2,000 as the break off number since the professor said earlier on in this process that he was planning on spending $2,000-$4,000 on a ring for his girlfriend. I took every ring option from stone 207 which cost $1,988 and less and put that into my less expensive category. Following the less expensive category I created the more expensive category. This category started at $2,031 and went up since the professor said he would spend between $2,000-$4,000. This category consisted of stone #Ã¢â¬â¢s 208-440. The ring that the professor was quoted on was comparable to stones 394 and 395. The quoted ring was only seems like a better option since it had better clarity. The clarity of the quoted ring was a level 8 which was better than the level 10 clarity that stones 394 and 395 had. Now comparing the carats of the stones option 394 was 1. 01 carats, stone 395 was 1 carat, while the quoted ring was 0. 9 carats. Stone option 395 had an excellent cut while stone 394 had a good cut. The quoted ring had a very good cut. In this case I would not go with the quoted ring. I would go with stone option 395 since it had a better and excellent cut and the carat weighed 0. 1 more than the quoted stone. For the price the bigger carat is worth looking at with a better cut. Analyzing the less expensive rings went with stone option #206. The carat weight was very fair for the price. I keep the carat size in consideration while realizing that this stoneÃ¢â¬â¢s color was in the J-K category meaning that it was faint yellow. If the stone was in any category higher than a 3 meaning it w ould be more yellow I would not have considered it. With the clarity being a 10 (I1) it was still fair for the price of $1,985. This stone had a good cut along with very good polish and good symmetry. I chose this ring for the professors less expensive option because it had a decent carat weight. The other factors such as colour, clarity, and cut were all decent for the price and the carat weight made up for them. For the more expensive ring options I kept in mind that I thought it would be a better option to get a ring with more focus on carat weight. The option I chose was stone #427 which had 1. 23 carats. This ring I would say was towards the more expensive side but not as expensive if I chose an option that had less carat weight and better characteristics in the colour, clarity and cut categories. The option I chose for the price of $3,137 was important because it was certified by the GIA lab. This stone had a faint yellow color which is not too bad when considering the carat size. Then it had a pretty decent clarity level of SI2 meaning that it was slighting included and it had very few inclusions at 10x. This stone has an excellent cut in comparison to some of the other stones around $3,137. The polish was excellent and the symmetry was good. All around I would go with the more expensive option than the less expensive. One reason being the professor stated that he was estimating to spend between $2,000 and $4,000. The professor can afford this option and if definitely getting a better option considering all of the characteristics. Figure 2: Less and More Expensive Best Options The Quoted Ring The quoted ring from exhibit 2 I would say was a little far from fair but stone option #427 was a better deal. The more expensive ring that I chose had the same clarity, same colour, a slightly better cut with a bigger carat. The price of the quoted ring was $37 less than the option I chose. For what the professor could get for $37 more was totally worth it. The carat most importantly was a decent size bigger. They both had the same certification so the better deal was stone option #427. For just a little bit of more money the professor would be getting a ring with more carat weight along with a better cut. The carat from the quoted stone was 0. 9 and the suggested ring I chose was 1. 23 which is well worth the cost of $3,137 Multiple Regression There is a lot of variation since the r-squared number is closer to 1. The r-squared value is . 9210. We have accounted for a lot since the r-squared number is so high. We were looking at a lot of information that cause this value to be so high such as; colour, clarity, cut, and carat weight. Our p-value is less than our critical value . 05 which then makes our f-ratio significant. Our p-vale for constant is less than the critical value . 05 so that makes our t-value significant. Figure 3: Multiple Regression: All options Figure 4: Multiple Regression: Less Expensive Figure 5: Multiple Regression: More Expensive Figure 6: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: Less expensive Stone (Colour) Figure 7: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: Less expensive Stone (Cut) Figure 8: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: Less expensive Stone (Cut) Figure 9: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: More expensive Stone (Colour) Figure 10: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: More expensive Stone (Clarity) Figure 11: Scatterplot with Linear Trend line: More expensive Stone (Cut) Conclusion and Recommendations In conclusion I would say that the stone that the professor was quoted on would not have been the best option. The best advice in this case would be to figure out what characteristics would be most important the professor and what he would think his girlfriend would like the best. The price of a stone reflects many different characteristics. The most important characteristics would be the cut, clarity and carat weight. Once the professor figures that out he can chose which engagement stone would be worth the money he is willing to pay for his girlfriend. Citations Diamonds FAQ: How to Read a GIA Certificate. (n. d. ). Diamonds: We Test and Rate Jewelers. Retrieved May 4, 2013, from http://www. diamondhelpers. com/fivesteps/4-diamonds-FAQ. shtml Michael Leff, under supervision of Greg Zarik (2009) Richard Ivey School of Business: The University of Western Ontario The Professor Proposes. Ivey Publishing
Thursday, March 19, 2020
Shakespe of the Hostess Essays Shakespe of the Hostess Essay Shakespe of the Hostess Essay Essay Topic: The Taming Of the Shrew Throughout this play, Shakespeare has used a variety of dramatic techniques; language, action, imagery, to express how the roles of women are perceived. From the insulting of the Hostess, and crude impersonation of the Page, to the continual elements of male domination within their discussions of women, Shakespeare is exhibiting, if not his own personal views, then possibly the general views of the time. Even the Widow that Hortensio marries is taken to be a good match.I will be married to a wealthy widow Ere three days pass, which hath long loved me (Act 4, Scene 2, Lines 37-38) When the three couples come together again, all the women have fulfilled their expected roles, and are married. But its now Bianca who appears to be the shrew, and our expectations of the Widow are also reversed. These two women, who on the surface had both deemed to be the ideal wife; subservient, domesticated, and loving towards their husbands, refuse now to meet the demands of their husbands.Katherina on the other hand, is a changed woman, even lecturing Bianca and the Widow on their behaviour and attitudes towards their husbands. Her speech shocks everyone, and gives Petruchio more reason to be proud of that fact he has tamed her, and shes proved it to everyone. However, has Shakespeare used this device to emphasise a personal view that perhaps not only the best wife is a subservient one, but a happy one also.There is much deception in this play, and I think Shakespeare carries that through in Katherinas final speech, for although it seems to be entirely subservient perhaps having met her match shes finally happy to fall into the role prescribed for her. While Petruchio believes her change is down to his own taming it is possible that she has changed of her own free will, gaining a role that has finally given her the attention, respect and authority she always felt she deserved.
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Federalism and How it Works Federalism is the process by which two or more governments share powers over the same geographic area. In the United States, the Constitution grants certain powers to both the U.S. government and the state governments. These powers are granted by the Tenth Amendment, which states, Ã¢â¬Å"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.Ã¢â¬ Those simple 28 words establish three categories of powers which represent the essence of American federalism: Expressed or Ã¢â¬Å"EnumeratedÃ¢â¬ Powers: Powers granted to the U.S. Congress mainly under Article I, Section 8 of the US Constitution.Reserved Powers: Powers not granted to the federal government in the Constitution and thus reserved to the states.Concurrent Powers: Powers shared by the federal government and the states. For example, Article I, Section 8 of the ConstitutionÃ grants the U.S. Congress certain exclusive powers such as coining money, regulating interstate trade and commerce, declaring war, raising an army and navy and to establish laws of immigration. Under the 10th Amendment, powers not specifically listed in the Constitution, like requiring drivers licenses and collecting property taxes, are among the many powers reserved to the states. The line between the powers of the U.S. government and those of the states is usually clear. Sometimes, it is not. Whenever a state governments exercise of power might be in conflict with the Constitution, we end up with a battle of Ã¢â¬Å"states rightsÃ¢â¬ which must often be settled by the Supreme Court. WhenÃ there is a conflict between a state and a similar federal law, the federal law and powers supersede state laws and powers. Probably the greatest battle over states rights- segregation- took place during the 1960s civil rights struggle. Segregation: The Supreme Battle for State's Rights In 1954, the Supreme Court in its landmark Brown v. Board of Education decision ruled that separate school facilities based on race are inherently unequal and thus in violation of the 14th Amendment which states, in part: No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. However, several predominately Southern states chose to ignore the Supreme CourtÃ¢â¬â¢s decision and continued the practice of racial segregation in schools and other public facilities. The states based their stance on the 1896 Supreme Court ruling in Plessy v. Ferguson. In this historic case, the Supreme Court, with only one dissenting vote, ruled racial segregation was not in violation of the 14th Amendment if the separate facilities were substantially equal. In June of 1963, Alabama Governor George Wallace stood in front of the doors of the University of Alabama preventing black students from entering and challenging the federal government to intervene. Later the same day, Wallace gave in to demands by Asst. Attorney Gen. Nicholas Katzenbach and the Alabama National Guard allowing black students Vivian Malone and Jimmy Hood to register. During the rest of 1963, federal courts ordered the integration of black students into public schools throughout the South. In spite of the court orders, and with only 2 percent of Southern black children attending formerly all-white schools, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 authorizing the U.S. Justice Department to initiate school desegregation suits was signed into law by President Lyndon Johnson. A less momentous, but perhaps more illustrative case of a constitutional battle of states rights went before the Supreme Court in November 1999, when the Attorney General of the United States Reno took on the Attorney General of South Carolina Condon. Reno v. Condon - November 1999 The Founding Fathers can certainly be forgiven for forgetting to mention motor vehicles in the Constitution, but by doing so, they granted the power to require and issue drivers licenses to the states under the Tenth Amendment. That much is clear and not at all disputed, but all powers have limits. State departments of motor vehicles (DMV) typically require applicants for drivers licenses to provide personal information including name, address, telephone number, vehicle description, Social Security number, medical information, and a photograph. After learning that many state DMVs were selling this information to individuals and businesses, the U.S. Congress enacted the Drivers Privacy Protection Act of 1994 (DPPA), establishing a regulatory system restricting the states ability to disclose a drivers personal information without the drivers consent. In conflict with the DPPA, South Carolina laws allowed the States DMV to sell this personal information. South Carolinas Attorney General Condon filed a suit claiming that the DPPA violated the Tenth and Eleventh Amendments to the U.S. Constitution. The District Court ruled in favor of South Carolina, declaring the DPPA incompatible with the principles of federalism inherent in the Constitutions division of power between the States and the Federal Government. The District Courts action essentially blocked the U.S. governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s power to enforce the DPPA in South Carolina. This ruling was further upheld by the Fourth District Court of Appeals. United States Attorney General Reno appealed the District Courts decisions to the Supreme Court. On Jan. 12, 2000, the U.S. Supreme Court, in the case of Reno v. Condon, ruled that the DPPA did not violate the Constitution due to the U.S. Congress power to regulate interstate commerce granted to it by Article I, Section 8, clause 3 of the Constitution. According to the Supreme Court, The motor vehicle information which the States have historically sold is used by insurers, manufacturers, direct marketers, and others engaged in interstate commerce to contact drivers with customized solicitations. The information is also used in the stream of interstate commerce by various public and private entities for matters related to interstate motoring. Because drivers personal, identifying information is, in this context, an article of commerce, its sale or release into the interstate stream of business is sufficient to support congressional regulation. So, the Supreme Court upheld the Drivers Privacy Protection Act of 1994, and the States cannot sell our personal drivers license personal information without our permission, which is a good thing. On the other hand, the revenue from those lost sales must be made up in taxes, which is not such a good thing. But, thats how federalism works.
Sunday, February 16, 2020
Film - Essay Example However, even though the films are of same genre and have similar background themes, the setting and the characters are distinct, and have unique personalities. The films Ã¢â¬ËIt Happened One NightÃ¢â¬â¢ (1934) and Ã¢â¬ËMaid in ManhattanÃ¢â¬â¢ (2002) have similar background themes where a wealthy person falls in love with a Ã¢â¬Ëcommoner.Ã¢â¬â¢ The love interest gets the wealthy characters (Ellie and Chris) distracted from the goals they had set to achieve. For example, in the movie Ã¢â¬ËIt Happened One Night,Ã¢â¬â¢ the female character Ellie runs away from her wealthy father to get married to a man of her choice. However, when she meets Peter and gets to know him during their travel to New York, she falls in love with him and gets distracted from the goal for which she had run away from her father. Similarly, in the film Ã¢â¬ËMaid in Manhattan,Ã¢â¬â¢ Christopher Marshall who is a senatorial candidate, gets distracted from his goal of focusing on his campaign when he falls in love with a maid working in a classy hotel in which he stays. However, the contrast in the theme is that when Ellie confesses her love towards Pete r, he agrees that he is also in love with her. However, the character of Marissa, who is a maid, tries to avoid Christopher when she realizes that he is romantically interested in her. The other difference in the themes of the films is the truth about the characters who are Ã¢â¬ËcommonersÃ¢â¬â¢. In the movie Ã¢â¬ËIt Happened One Night,Ã¢â¬â¢ Peter discloses his real self to Ellie right from the beginning, and that too, with certain flamboyance and charm. On the other hand, Chris misunderstands Marissa as a socialite guest at the hotel, and considers her as a wealthy woman and not a Ã¢â¬ËcommonerÃ¢â¬â¢. Hence, when Chris falls in love with Marissa, he is not aware about her true identity of a maid. In this way, even though basic themes of the films are similar, the shades of the characters are different. The basis of the romantic comedies